• New Zealand Regions
      • Hawke's Bay
      • Bay of Plenty
      • Waikato
      • Whanganui
      • Manawatu
      • Northland
      • Auckland
      • Gisborne
      • Taranaki
      • Wellington
      • West Coast
      • Nelson
      • Canterbury
      • Otago
      • Marlborough
      • Southland

      Hawke's Bay

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      Beaches, wineries and Art Deco. The Hawke's Bay has a diverse economy, including business services that support its sectors to be the second largest contributor to regional GDP in the country. A popular tourist destination, the region has some of the countries best restaurants as well as stunning scenery, markets and festivals.



      Bay of Plenty

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      The Bay of Plenty is officially New Zealand's sunniest destination, enjoying short-lived winters and long summer days. The Region offers some of the country's most spectacular views and many ways to enjoy the pristine scenery and natural wonders. Visitors also enjoy exploring the Bay's Māori heritage and pre-European roots.


      OpotikiOpotiki iSiteKawerauWhakatane


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      The Waikato is known for its rolling plains, fertile land and the mighty Waikato River. The region is the fourth largest regional economy in New Zealand, with a strong focus on primary production and associated manufacturing.


      South WaikatoWaikato District


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      Welcome to Whanganui. This is our place; where history is full of stories, legends and rich legacy. Where a thriving arts scene, creativity and evolving culture inspire our modern lives. Where breath-taking natural landscapes capture imaginations at every turn.


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      Located in the lower North Island, Manawatu is heartland New Zealand, offering an authentic Kiwi experience.

      The main in the region are Palmerston North, most notable for Massey University. Palmerston has a vibrant, arts and culture scene.

      The region's economy is based on food production and processing, research and education. The region is also home for the New Zealand defence force.


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      Northland was originally home to some of our country's first human inhabitants. Today, it is one of the fastest growing regions in New Zealand and home to nearly 189,000 people. Rich in culture and history, the region boasts a stunning natural environment.


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      Auckland Region stretches from the the beaches of the Pacific Ocean in the east to the expansive beaches of the rugged west coast of the Tasman Sea. Auckland City, the largest urban area in New Zealand is considered the main economic center of New Zealand and a popular destination for international students and travellers.


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      Gisborne is a Region on the east coast of New Zealand's North Island. It's known for wineries and surf beaches such as Makorori. The region has maintained a strong Maori heritage. The region's economy is made up mainly of agriculture, horticulture and forestry.


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      Taranaki is a coastal and mountainous region on the western side of New Zealand's North Island. Its landscape is dominated by Mount Taranaki, its namesake volcano, which lies within the rainforested Egmont National Park.

      The port city of New Plymouth is the area's cultural and commercial hub. Taranaki's economy is diverse and includes dairy, oil and gas. The region is the highest contributor or national GDP per capita. 


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      The Wellington Region covers Wellington city in the south, Upper and Lower Hutt valleys to the north-east, and Porirua to the north-west. The region takes its name from Wellington, New Zealand's capital city.

      Wellington is famous for its arts and culture scene and is also the centre of New Zealand's film industry.

      West Coast

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      The West Coast, or as some locals call it, the "Wild West", is a long thin region that runs down the South Island's west coast.

      The region has the lowest population in all of New Zealand. It is famous for its rugged natural scenery such as the Pancake Rocks, the Blue Pools of Haast, and the glaciers.

      The main industries in the region are dairy farming and mining. Tourism also plays an important role.

      Nelson – Tasman

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      Nelson Tasman is an extraordinary, vibrant region where art and businesses thrive together among a stunning natural landscape. With one in five people internationally born, Nelson Tasman has 48 different cultures living in its environs.

      The region prides its self on being New Zealand’s leading Research and Development areas, with the highest proportion of people working in the research, science and tech sectors out of anywhere in New Zealand.


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      Canterbury is a region on New Zealand’s South Island marked by grassy plains, clear lakes and snow-capped mountains. Its largest city, Christchurch, is famed for its art scene and green spaces.


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      There are few places in the world which will leave you with a lasting sense of difference. Central Otago is undoubtedly one of them from its landscapes, its seasons, its people, its products and experiences.


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      Marlborough Region is on the north-eastern corner of the South Island. The region is well known for its winemaking industry, and the Marlborough Sounds, an extensive network of coastal waterways, peninsulas and islands.

      Apart from the wine industry, aquaculture, agriculture and tourism play an important role in the local economy.


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      Southland is New Zealand’s most southerly region and includes the World Heritage ranked Fiordland National Park.

      The region's only city Invercargill offers a relaxed pace of life with wide streets, little traffic, spacious parks and gardens, striking Victorian and Edwardian architecture and impressive sporting facilities including New Zealand’s first indoor velodrome. Southland's location is such that views of Aurora Australis or the Southern Lights are common.

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Searching for New Zealand’s electricity future in the deep heat part 3 – Where in NZ are we looking?


In New Zealand, supercritical geothermal research is focused on the Taupō Volcanic Zone – the area between Lake Taupō and Kawerau.

Chambefort said the newly-funded programme did not support any drilling during its five-year duration, although other initiatives were looking into options for drilling deep wells in the Taupō zone.

“We are hoping that five years after the end of the programme (in a decade), there will be a successful deep well in the Waikato or Bay of Plenty regions. The purpose of such a well would be to test existing scientific models and make adjustments as required,” she said.

So far geothermal wells in New Zealand had tended to be 1.5-3km deep. The supercritical fluids were likely to be found at depths greater than 4km.

“Our aim is to explore where in New Zealand could the best future targets be and to understand, using laboratory simulation, how these very hot fluids react with the rock, and how their use will affect deep reservoirs, and neighbouring shallower reservoirs, into the future,” Chambefort said.

“We see a compelling case for tapping into deeper and hotter geothermal resources to increase the overall contribution of geothermal.”

About 17 per cent of New Zealand’s electricity came from geothermal now, with as much electricity generated from geothermal as from fossil fuel in 2018.

While it could be said that the natural heat flux of the Earth could potentially be transferred as energy in any environment, volcanic provinces such as Taupō had a greater geothermal gradient, “which means we don’t have to drill to 10km to reach temperatures above 400C”.

“These very hot temperatures are closer to the surface than in some other countries, giving New Zealand a natural advantage,” Chambefort said.

A key aspect was to find permeability – rocks that hot fluids could pass through relatively easily. “It is one thing to have heat, but if no fluid can circulate through the rocks we cannot harvest this heat efficiently to the surface. Water is the main carrier for heat.”

The work being done now built on decades of research and New Zealand expertise in geothermal use in the Taupō zone. While there were strong partnerships with geothermal teams overseas, discoveries in other countries could not simply be applied in New Zealand.

“The geology is different in New Zealand. We need to study our reservoirs and find where faults may be permeable at depths of 4-5km,” she said.

“We also need to simulate high temperature and pressure geothermal conditions in a laboratory before producing meaningful findings for New Zealand.”

New Zealand had the drilling capability but such drilling would be costly and there were uncertainties. Industry was looking to science to provide information that would reduce uncertainties and risks of exploration and development of deep geothermal resources, Chambefort said.

“Deep geothermal generation will only go ahead in New Zealand when there is confidence that it can be done safely and sustainably.”

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